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May 4, 2020
Ever do something so often that you have trouble defining what it is? For us at Animikii, that thing is Indigenous Technology. So when Animikii’s Thunderbirds are asked “How do you define Indigenous technology?”, we don’t have an easy answer. Our team dispels stereotypes about Indigenous innovation all day, every day, and received quite a bit of recognition for these efforts, but is Indigenous innovation the same thing as Indigenous technology? Sort of.
Technology results from innovation, when something existing is improved or created anew, but it never exists in isolation. It might be tempting to think of technology as inert, lifeless entities that humans create and control. However, for many Indigenous Peoples, technology exists as a relation between people who are informed by the views of the world that they hold - but also what are often called “things” including the land and all those who dwell there.
In other words, Indigenous Peoples don’t always separate between “people” and “things”. Call it spirit, agency, willpower, life, whatever you prefer, but from certain Indigenous perspectives, there must be respect for all our relations. Technology is just a part of that.
With this perspective, Animikii seeks to build meaningful long-term relationships with all of our clients, partners, friends and families, but also the land where we work, live, and play. This is not just because we embrace a healthy business culture, but because this is how we view technology from an Indigenous lens.
We see tech as a networked relationship, an ongoing interaction between humans and non-humans, all things that deserve both recognition and respect. All things come from the land, including the computers we use every day and the code that flows through them. But just because you hold a perspective doesn’t mean that you realise you are living through it.
So how do you define what you know to be true? You might not even have the words to do so, and what happens when the only words you have come from a foreign, colonial language such as English? Can this language even describe Indigenous ways of knowing? Do non-Indigenous cultures even have the philosophical tools to do so?
Maybe we should all think about what technology means.
Who determines what is, or isn’t, technological? Worse, notions of high-tech or low-tech don’t consider a key question: Who gets to make these distinctions? Who determines what’s better or worse, and in what circumstances? What’s the difference between something that’s social, and something that’s technological? Is this a false dichotomy?
To avoid associations with racist distinctions of advanced and primitive technology, perhaps we should be thinking about colonial and decolonial technology. The former seeks alienation, appropriation, accumulation, and assimilation, the latter seeks connection, restitution, balance, and self-determination. You can guess which one is Indigenous.
Are we saying that colonial technology has brought us to the edge of the abyss and decolonial, Indigenous technology will save us? In short, no.
Instead, perhaps we think about technology as an identifiable part of a network of activity located throughout time and space of both “people” and “things”, or humans and non-humans, that work together with the intent to solve a set of defined problems. In simple terms, use what works, but recognize and respect relationships.
At least that’s the aim. It’s rare that technology ever works out as intended, thus the reason to constantly alter, change, and invent “new” technologies. To innovate.
Here’s a flowchart that can help identify if technology can solve the problem, or maybe the problem lies elsewhere that hasn’t been discovered yet:
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The purpose of this exercise is not to find the ultimate solution to a problem. Technology is limited by its nature and can’t solve all problems on its own. Maybe the problem needs to be reframed, the solution tweaked, so that the technology fits the problem and the problem fits the technology. This is often called appropriate technology.
Like using the right tool for the job, first you need to figure out what the problem is. Then you need to know enough about your tools to pick the right ones that will do the job in the most efficient way that limits creating other problems.
The wrong technology can create a game of whack-a-mole. Sure, you can fix one problem, but what if that solution sets off a chain reaction that creates ten more problems? What if the solutions to those problems each create ten more problems? That’s already 100 problems. Adopting the wrong technological solution can create an endless series of unintended consequences that reverberate through time and space.
Perhaps you can never “solve” something, but you can at least make problems manageable. If this “technology” improves relationships between people, humans and non-humans, from an Indigenous perspective you could call this a “good” and “healthy” technology. For example, sustainable harvesting of foods and medicines is a form of lndigenous technology, and it’s far more involved than just using some specific tool or mechanical method. It involves a relationship between people and the land and it was developed over tens of thousands of years.
There’s no single definition of Indigenous technology, just as there’s no single definition of what it means to be Indigenous. Maybe that’s not a bad thing. Maybe it needs no single definition. But our understanding is that Indigenous technology revolves around relationships that include non-humans as people too.
At Animikii, we don’t move fast and break things. We move slow and empower people. Imagine a world where all tech organizations did this. It’s nothing new, it’s Indigenous.
May 4, 2020
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